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What doesn't kill you makes you stronger-Nietzsche

 The phrase "What doesn't kill you makes you stronger" originates from the 19th-century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Specifically, Nietzsche wrote "Aus der Kriegsschule des Lebens.—Was mich nicht umbringt, macht mich stärker," which in English translates to "Out of life’s school of war—what doesn’t kill me, makes me stronger.” This aphorism is found in his book "Twilight of the Idols," published in 1888. Nietzsche later expanded on this notion in his autobiography "Ecce Homo," suggesting that suffering could be an opportunity to build strength and that the individuals who could leverage adversities for personal advantage were "nature's lucky strokes…among men" 

This aphorism has been widely quoted, paraphrased, and even parodied throughout culture, including in political discourses, movies, television shows, and songs. For instance, it was cited by President Nixon’s Watergate co-conspirator G. Gordon Liddy in his autobiography and presented in the 1982 film "Conan the Barbarian." It's worth noting, however, that over time, the phrase has somewhat diverged from Nietzsche's original philosophical intent, becoming a more generalized affirmation of resilience in the face of adversity 



Research in various fields has investigated the claim and has found some supporting evidence for the concept. A study from Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management demonstrated that young scientists who faced early career failure but persisted in their endeavors often achieved greater long-term success compared to those who did not face such setbacks. This finding could be seen as supporting the idea that overcoming adversity can lead to strength and success 

Despite this, some researchers dispute the universal applicability of the saying, noting that not everyone becomes stronger through adversity and that some people may become more susceptible to future traumas. Recent studies suggest that while individuals often believe they grow spiritually or personally from traumatic events, this reported growth does not always align with objective measures or the observations of friends and family. Adversity can sometimes leave lasting negative impacts, especially if adequate support systems are not in place 

In summary, while "What doesn't kill you makes you stronger" has philosophical roots and has captured cultural imagination for its powerful appeal to human resilience, its validity as a general principle is complex and depends on individual circumstances as well as the presence of support and resources

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